Philip N. Howard is professor of communication, information and international studies at the University of Washington and a professor in the School of Public Policy at Central European University. He has taught at five other universities, including Columbia SIPA. He is the author, most recently, of Democracy’s Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. Currently, he is writing Pax Technica, a book about the future of global information politics. He blogs at http://philhoward.org. Philip Howard is a Researcher for the Tow Center.